Varicose Veins: Causes, Symptoms, And Treatment

Varicose veins are twisted, enlarged veins that usually appear on the legs and feet. They are quite common, affecting around 23% of adults. Varicose veins occur due to weakened valves and veins, which can lead to the pooling of blood and the bulging of the veins. While they are generally not a serious medical condition, they can cause discomfort, pain, and cosmetic concerns for individuals. Various treatment options are available to alleviate symptoms and improve the appearance of varicose veins. Let’s delve deeper into this common condition and explore the available treatment methods.


Varicose veins develop when the valves in the veins that prevent blood from flowing backward become weak or damaged. This causes blood to pool in the veins and creates increased pressure, resulting in the veins becoming enlarged and twisted. The exact cause of weakened valves is not always clear, but some factors that contribute to the development of varicose veins include:

  • Age: As people age, the elasticity of their veins decreases, making them more susceptible to varicose veins.
  • Gender: Women are more likely to develop varicose veins due to hormonal changes that occur during pregnancy and menopause.
  • Family history: If one or both parents have varicose veins, there is an increased risk of developing them.
  • Obesity: Excess weight puts added pressure on the veins, leading to varicose veins.
  • Occupation: Jobs that require prolonged periods of standing or sitting without movement can increase the risk of varicose veins.


Many people with varicose veins experience pain, discomfort, and cosmetic concerns. Some of the common symptoms associated with varicose veins include:

  • Aching, throbbing, or burning sensation in the legs.
  • Swelling, especially in the lower legs and ankles.
  • Heaviness or fatigue in the legs.
  • Itching around the affected veins.
  • Cramping or restless legs, especially at night.
  • Visible twisted and bulging veins beneath the skin.

Varicose Veins Treatment

There are several treatment options available for varicose veins, depending on the severity of the condition and the symptoms experienced by the individual. Some common treatment methods include:

  1. Lifestyle changes: Making certain lifestyle modifications can help alleviate symptoms and prevent varicose veins from worsening. Regular exercise, maintaining a healthy weight, avoiding prolonged sitting or standing, elevating the legs, and wearing compression stockings can all be beneficial.
  2. Sclerotherapy: This nonsurgical treatment involves injecting a solution directly into the affected veins, causing them to collapse and fade over time. Sclerotherapy is often used for smaller varicose veins and spider veins.
  3. Endovenous laser treatment (EVLT): EVLT is a minimally invasive procedure that uses laser energy to heat and seal off the affected vein. This treatment is generally used for larger varicose veins and helps to redirect blood flow to healthier veins.
  4. Radiofrequency ablation (RFA): RFA uses radiofrequency energy to heat and close off the damaged vein. Similar to EVLT, it redirects blood flow to healthier veins and is effective for larger varicose veins.
  5. Vein stripping: This surgical procedure involves the removal or tying off of the affected veins. Vein stripping is usually reserved for severe cases of varicose veins.

It is important to consult with a healthcare professional to determine the most appropriate varicose veins treatment based on individual needs and the severity of the condition. They will be able to provide specific recommendations and guide patients in choosing the best course of action.

In conclusion, varicose veins are a common condition caused by weakened valves and veins. While they can be uncomfortable and cosmetically concerning, various treatment options are available. Adopting a healthy lifestyle, undergoing nonsurgical procedures like sclerotherapy, EVLT, or RFA, and considering surgical intervention when necessary can help manage varicose veins effectively. Speak to a healthcare professional to discuss symptoms and receive personalized advice on the most suitable treatment approach.